KIEP: The Rich Past, the Successful Present, the Promising Future
In 2018 KIEP turned 85. But we’re not old, we’re experienced! In the course of those 85 years, KIEP changed its name and structure several times. What always remained unchanged, however, was the level of proficiency of the institute’s scientific workers and engineers, which has been high at all times.
Our rich history involves dozens of projects designed and brought to life. KIEP has impressive experience in designing nuclear power plants (NPP), thermal power plants and central heating & power plants (TPP and CHPP respectively). Very few organizations in the world that are engaged in the energy industry can boast of the similar successful experience in designing different types of power plants.
By the end of the 60s, the institute begins to work in the field of the nuclear power industry. The field was indeed one of the most prioritized in the Soviet Union at the time. The institute’s first steps were to provide assistance in the design of two NPPs – the Beloyarsk and Novovoronezh. After a little while, though, the organization started to design nuclear power plants independently. The first results of the institute’s design activity became Ignalina NPP (the turbine department design) in Lithuania and Paks NPP erected in Hungary.
Afterward, dozens of NPP, TPP and CHPP followed:
- Belene NPP (Bulgaria)
- Khmelnitsky NPP (Ukraine)
- Rivne NPP (Ukraine)
- Chyhyryn NPP (Ukraine)
- Balakovo NPP (Russia)
- Trypilska TPP (Ukraine)
- Ladyzhenskaya TPP (Ukraine)
- Darnitska CHPP (Ukraine)
- Novobereznikovsk CHPP (Russia)
- Norilsk CHPP (Russia)
- TPP «Havana» (Cuba)
- CHPP «Dibis» (Iraq)
- TPP « Novi Sad» (Serbia)
- TPP « Zagreb» (Croatia)
- TPP «Bitola-3» (Macedonia)
And it’s just a part of the list of the projects where KIEP acted as a general designer.
Toward the end of the 70s, KIEP earned a spot among the leading organizations in the Soviet Union’s nuclear power industry. The institute’s research work contributed a lot to the project on modification of the WWER-1000 reactor that started in the late 80s. The aim was to increase reliability and make the reactor safer. In all, 27 organizations were involved in the work; The Kurchatov Institute, OKB Gidropress, and Research Institute “Atomenergoprogect” being just a few of them. Dozens of the leading scientists and engineers of the Soviet Union’s nuclear industry participated in the project, which was named NPP-88. Thanks to the collaborative efforts, the designers managed to achieve a 10-time decrease in the likelihood of an emergency, and the probability of people getting emergency radioactive exposure was reduced by a factor of two.
Nowadays, KIEP develops and applies modern technology in the field of nuclear power plant engineering and in some other related fields having to do with NPP and TPP operational activity. The organization provides a full range of services and can design power plants, construct them, put power units into operation, and give assistance in operating a running power plant.
Treating and storing spent nuclear fuel is another area of great importance that the institute dedicates much of its research activity to. The institute’s research is supposed to facilitate the safe storage of nuclear waste and also to assess its impact on the environment. KIEP has developed a range of technical measures as to how to treat nuclear fuel at every stage of its utilization. The known Ukrainian projects ISF-1 and ISF-2 have been implemented with KIEP’s direct participation. The modernization of the former was successfully finished in 2012. The work on ISF-2 goes on according to the schedule and has already entered into a completion phase.
Another project of national standing - CISF (central interim storage facility) - has been implemented with a view to solving the problem of nuclear waste from the Ukrainian NPPs. The Kiev institute has already developed most of the project documentation. And the construction of some of CISF’s structures has progressed to 50-80%.
KIEP has now been engaged in several large projects, both domestic and international, one of which is the first NPP in Vietnam. Ninh Thuan-1 NPP has been implemented by a three-party consortium, with KIEP being one of the parties. As of today, all the procedures as to the determination of the site of the NPP are completed. KIEP carried out and submitted the project feasibility study, and largely on its basis, the Vietnamese ordering party approved the project of the country’s first nuclear power plant.
In the nearest future, the Kiev institute plans to construct the 3rd and 4th power units of Khmelnitsky NPP. The initial project of this plant designed by KIEP involved four units. However, because of the Chernobyl accident, the full implementation of the project was shut down after the first two units were put into operation. Now the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is expected to shortly pass a statue that allows constructing the two power units. The institute plans to implement the project within five years after the design work begins.
KIEP is presently engaged in collaborations with both Ukranian and international research institutes. These collaborations are aimed at improving the existing methods of dealing with fissile materials and designing new equipment for that purpose.
Our research activity and international cooperation have already resulted in a few innovations that will be soon applied in the field of the power sector. And we believe that our hard work and dedication will make the energy industry of the future eminently efficient and safe.