July 10, 2019
Participation of KIEP in consultations between Poland and Ukraine in the framework of the transboundary procedure for assessing the environmental impact due to construction of Khmelnitsky NPP units 3 and 4
JSC KIEP participates in the expert meetings in the framework of transboundary consultations in accordance with the procedures of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in a transboundary context (Espoo Convention).
On June 22, 2019 at the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Poland in Warsaw, the representatives of KIEP jointly with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine, SE NNEGC “Energoatom” and representatives of the Ministry of Energy of Poland, the Polish Geological Institute, the National Agency for Nuclear Energy of Poland, the National Center of nuclear research in Poland, Regional Environmental Departments in Lublin and Rzeszów conducted expert consultations on the assessment of transboundary environmental impacts due to construction of power units No. 3 and No. 4 at Khmelnitsky NPP.
The Ukrainian part represented by Sapozhnikov Yuriy Anatoliyovych - Deputy Chief Engineer for Nuclear and Radiation Safety at JSC KIEP, presented an introductory presentation on the assessment of transboundary environmental impact due to construction of Khmelnitsky NPP units No. 3 and 4. When making the presentation, the emphasis was made on the impacts affecting the main environmental components, namely: the climate and microclimate, the air, geological and water environment, soils, flora and fauna. On all the issues requested by the Polish part for discussion during preparation of consultations within the transboundary EIA procedure, individual presentations were developed for their further discussion.
The Ukrainian side provided information with regard to the final decision to be made under the Espoo Convention (Article 6), which would assume the Law of Ukraine on construction of Khmelnitsky NPP units No. 3 and No. 4. The decision to be made on construction of KhNPP units No.3, 4 by Verkhovna Rada will be the basis for development of the Design. As soon as the Design undergoes the comprehensive expert review (including the peer review of nuclear and radiation safety) and is endorsed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the detailed design documentation will be developed and the construction will start. The construction of power units is expected to start in 2021-2022. According to the Feasibility Study revised, the KhNPP units No.3 and 4 are scheduled to be constructed and commissioned in 2026. The estimated lifetime of power units is 60 years.
Resulting from the consultations, the Ukrainian side provided satisfactory answers to the Polish side during discussion of transboundary environmental impact assessment results of Khmelnitsky NPP units 3 and 4 construction.
The Polish side agreed to complete the consultations under the Espoo Convention and requested the Ukrainian side to provide additional data beyond the consultations as well as submitted proposals for consideration.
It is important to note the high professional level and engineering expertise of KIEP experts involved in expert consultations on environmental, nuclear and radiation safety issues. They made a positive impression on the host party’s experts. The meeting being summarized, as tradition demands, the Polish representatives were invited to visit any NPP to get ascertained of the highest level of NPP safety.
It should be noted that on April 4, 2019, the President of Ukraine directed the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine to immediately submit a bill draft on siting, design and construction of Khmelnitsky units 3 and 4 to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine for review.
The environmental impact assessment procedure is at the stage of transboundary consultations. Upon their completion, the Ministry of Environmental Protection shall review the EIA report, receive the comments from the public and transboundary consultations results and make a relevant decision on the completion of the KhNPP.
Upon completion of the environmental impact assessment only and receipt of the positive conclusion, the bill draft on construction of KhNPP units 3 and 4 may be submitted to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine for review.
Construction of KhNPP units is part of the “Power Bridge Ukraine - European Union” Project. One of the Project activities is "attracting the funds received from the export of electric power generated by KhNPP Unit 2 to the EU countries to finance the construction of KhNPP units 3 and 4". For the purpose of this Project the President issued the aforementioned Decree dated April 4, 2019, through which the Government was directed to urgently provide arrangements for national production of nuclear fuel for native nuclear power plants. Therefore, the construction of new power units can be implemented not so much for domestic needs as for export of electricity to the EU member states.